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N8300 Little Sounds pre-recorded sound effect module with 28mm Speaker
A low-wattage iron with a pointed tip should be used for all connection of wires. Too much heat or solder can damage the wires or module and void the warranty.
We strongly recommend that all wires and the appropriate solder pads on the module be pre-tinned prior to attaching wires to the module.
Relatively speaking, our sound modules are fairly small at 1-3/8" x 5/8". The tiny gold-plated solder pads to which wires (Included in package) need to be attached are approximately 1/16" wide by less that 1/8" long. Two of these pads (DC+ input & Start control Pad #3) are very sensitive to excessive heat during the soldering process.
For many hobbyists that have experience with DCC decoder installations and other small circuit soldering jobs, attaching these wires will not be a problem because they have proper low-temperature soldering equipment and practiced skills to do the job.
However... for some, especially those who model in the larger scales or do not have much experience with small soldering techniques, we offer (at a small additional cost) a wire attachment service including a full visual inspection and testing before shipment. If this is of interest, a link to that service can be found HERE.
Connecting the N8301:
The module’s tiny size and thin construction will allow it to be placed so it is easily hidden from view. The N8301 only has circuitry on the board top side. The bottom of the board can be used for mounting with the small square double-sided sticky foam pad that is included in this package.
Also included are six 6” lengths of #32 insulated wire (2 red, 1 blue & 3 black). These can be used for power, control, and speaker extension wires. One of the red wires can be soldered to the DC+ Input pad & one of the blacks to the DC– pad. The blue wire can be connected to the Start control (details below) and one of the black wires to a Gnd (DC–) pad.
The remaining red and black wires can be used to extend the speaker wires . Also included are two pieces of 3/64” (green) shrink tubing to insulate the solder joints should speaker wires be extended.
In certain applications, placing the speaker farther away from the N8301 may be necessary. This is OK providing the wire extensions are #30 wire or larger and the extended length is 24” or less. Twisting the longer wires is recommended to help with spurious noise cancellation (clearer sound).
If Little Sounds will be used in model railroading rolling stock (DCC), we recommend controlling voltage input by using our N8131 DCC Trak-Pak (sold separately).
Sound Effect tag:
Included in the product package is a small tag (the small sheet with the barcode) indicating the name of the sound effect programmed on the module, the type of start control(s) available for the effect, and control pad connections & effect playback details.
The standard Little Sound module is pre-recorded with a single sound effect that can have a run time, in some cases, as long as 5 minutes. Playback of the effect is initiated by connecting ONE of the control pads (pad #3 thru #6) to Gnd (DC–). A blue and/or black wire (included) can be connected to GND (pad #11) for this purpose.
This type of start control initiates playback when the appropriate Start Control Pad is momentarily shorted (connected) to Gnd (pad 11). Playback will run through the entire length of the sound effect, then stop. A push-button type switch of reed switch energized by a magnet is best suited for this type of control.
Continuously loop playback:
This type of start control will initiate playback, then continuously loop from the end of the effect to the beginning again, as long as the appropriate Start Control Pad remains connected to Gnd (pad #11). This can be useful for unattended displays that require a continuous sound effect. A toggle type switch (on-off) is best for this control.
On/Off (start & stop playback):
This type of start control initiates play whenever the appropriate Start Control Pad is connected to pad #11, but immediately stops playback when the connection is broken. This is a useful control method for effects that are synchronized to other features, such as trains entering or leaving a grade crossing and the associated crossing bell sound. Motion sensors and block control devices can initiate this control.
Multiple sound effects:
Little Sound modules can be custom programmed (for a very nominal fee) at a customer’s request. In some cases, it may be desirable to have more than a single sound effect programmed on a module. The N8301 has a total of 4 Start Control Pads (3 thru 6) that can be used to initiate the start of up to four total sound effects. In this mode, selecting (shorting to Gnd) either pad 3, 4, 5, or 6 will start the effect associated with that choice. The only limitation is that the total playback time of all effects cannot exceed 5 minutes. Ngineering can also program customer supplied sound effect files into our Little Sound modules (again, for a nominal fee). See our website for details.
Start control can be performed using many different types of switches: Push-buttons, toggle switches, DCC decoder functions, and magnetic reed switches, to name a few.
The above information is included in the instruction sheet with each product
Pad #7 can be shorted to Gnd to halt sound playback and reset all controls.
The volume is controlled by a small precision potentiometer located on the board as shown in Figure 1. Clock-wise rotation increases the volume. Use a small blade screwdriver to turn the control. This control has approx. 200 degrees of rotation with stops at each end. Do not force rotation past the stops or damage will occur.
Getting the most out of the speaker:
Without going into too much (boring) detail, a bit of technical info should be helpful.
Speakers create sound by rapidly moving their speaker cone which moves / vibrates the air in front of them (or behind), creating the sound that we hear. Inside the speaker is a small coil of wire attached to the base of the cone and positioned inside a magnet. Electricity produced by the sound module running through the coil causes this coil to vibrate which vibrates the speaker cone. Viola - sound! However… there’s a catch…
Speakers have a front side… and a back. When the speaker cone is rapidly moving in and out to produce sound out of the front, it is also doing the same thing out the back side. Unfortunately, when one side is pushing air the other side is “pulling” air. This effect on the air surrounding the speaker has a self-cancelling effect known as being “out-of-phase”. Simply put: “Nature abhors a vacuum”. The air pulling effect tries to “reach around” the speaker and grab the air being pushed on the front side. The result is greatly reduced sound output from the speaker.
The solution: A speaker enclosure!
A small speaker “box” that “captures” the sound coming out of either the front
or back of the speaker will eliminate this problem and the amount of sound
volume and tonal quality of the sound will be
dramatically improved. The “box” should be the size (length and width,
or diameter) of the speaker, at minimum with an opening that the speaker can fit
in or the speaker cone can fit over. It can be made of any fairly rigid material
(styrene, etc.) and can be whatever size (length, width, height) that is
available for your project.
A somewhat larger box will help with the deeper
sounds the effect may have. The included speaker has double-sided tape for easy
Alternately, a sound focusing tube can be used to prevent out-of-phase
sound cancellation and can "aim" the speaker's sound output in a direction
appropriate for the application. For our 28mm diameter speaker our
Focusing Tube is a perfect solution and can increase sound
output by as much as 4 times.
sound focusing tube can be used to prevent out-of-phase sound cancellation and can "aim" the speaker's sound output in a direction appropriate for the application. For our 28mm diameter speaker our N8405 Sound Focusing Tube is a perfect solution and can increase sound output by as much as 4 times.
The "sound tube" can be mounted up through the layout or diorama with the top of the tube positioned for directed sound output. the tube length prevents noise cancellation so sound output is increased by about 4 times. The mounting hole can easily be hidden by shrubbery or a structure.
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